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GOVERNANCE AND POLICY for sustainability: the case study of Asinara National Park

The study investigates the governance of sustainable tourism in the Asinara National Park in Sardinia, Italy. Its aim is to examine the relations between stakeholders in the park and neighboring areas and determine if these relations are oriented towards achieving sustainable tourism. The target population includes stakeholders such as public bodies, private companies, universities, and local communities. The research that was conducted over a two-year period from 2013 to 2014 addresses the problem of establishing a sustainable tourism model that balances the conservation of natural resources with economic development. Mechanisms and tools employed include interviews, stakeholder analysis, and the establishment of a permanent forum for collaboration. The practice took place in the Asinara National Park and its surrounding areas, including the Municipalities of Porto Torres, Stintino, Alghero, and the Nurra region in northwestern Sardinia. The research identified the relationships between stakeholders based on actor type, institution, objectives, public/private nature, and power dynamics. It revealed that public bodies, including universities, prioritize sustainability goals, while private companies pursue economic profits and exercise lobbying power. The research also highlighted the importance of collaboration among stakeholders in achieving sustainable tourism. Stakeholders recognized the benefits of sustainable tourism in terms of economic development, solving issues of seasonality and overcrowding, and preserving natural and cultural resources.